DEVELOPMENT MILESTONES

Speech and Language Developmental Milestones 

Every child develops at his/her own rate. The information below outlines the ages at which most children will reach language milestones. Please contact our speech-language pathologists for additional information. 

BIRTH TO 3 MONTHS

  •  The child makes cooing sounds

 

  • The child has different cries for different needs

 

  • The child smiles at you 

  • The child is startled due to loud sounds 

  •  The child is soothed/calmed by a familiar voice 

7 TO 12 MONTHS

  • The child should wave hi/bye 

  •  The child responds to his/her name

  • The child lets you know what he/she wants using sounds, and actions like pointing 

  • The child begins to follow simple directions (e.g., Where is your nose?) 

 

  • The child localizes sound by turning his/her head toward the sound 

2 TO 3 YEARS

  • The child should use sentences of three or more words most of the time 

   

  • The child understands different concepts (e.g., in-on; up-down

 

  • The child follows two-part directions (e.g., take the book and put it on the table) 

  

  • The child answers simple questions (e.g., Where is the car?) 

 

  • The child participates in short conversations 

4 TO 6 MONTHS

  • The child babbles and makes different sounds

 

  •  The child makes sounds back to you when you talk

  • The child enjoys games like peek-a-boo 

  • The child turns his/her eyes toward a sound source 

  • The child responds to music or toys that make noise

BY 12 TO 18 MONTHS 

  •  The child should use common words and start to put words together

 

  • The child enjoys listening to storybooks 

   

  • The child points to body parts or pictures in a book when asked 

   

  • The child looks at your face when talking to you 

3 TO 4 YEARS

  • The child should tell a short story or talk about daily activities 

 

  • The child talks in sentences with adult-like grammar 

 

  • The child generally speaks clearly so people understand him/her 

 

  • The child hears you when you call to them from another room 

 

  • The child listens to the television at the same volume as others 

 

  • The child answers a variety of questions 

Developmental Milestones Sensory 

BIRTH to 6 MONTHS

  •  Recognizes scent of mother’s breast milk 

  • Hearing is mature 

  • Tracks objects with eyes 

  •  Looks at own hands 

  • Responds to sounds and voice 

  • Reaches for nearby objects 

  • Actively coordinates suck, swallow, breath sequence, tongue is cupped, forward rhythmical movements of the tongue, and jaw consistently moves up and down in a coordinated pattern 

  •  Sleeps 4-10-hour intervals 

  • Cries to communicate hunger, fear, discomfort

1 TO 2 YEARS

  •    Bothered by soiled nappy 

  •  Distinguishes between edible and inedible objects (18 months) 

  • Understands common dangers of hot objects, stairs, glass 

  • Enjoys messy play 

  •  Reacts to extremes in temperature

 

  • Copies sounds that you make 

  •  Looks for an object he/she watched fall out of sight (such as a spoon that fell under the table) 

  • Follow simple 1 step instructions 

  • Solves problems with trial and error 

3 TO 4 YEARS

  •  Can count 1-5 

  •  Knows most colors 

  •  Can differentiate between real and pretend world 

  •   Takes turns 

  •  Able to completely clothe self, only requiring assistance with laces, buttons, and other fasteners in awkward places 

  • Feeds self without difficulty 

  •  Social encounters are acted out through play activities 

6 TO 12 MONTHS

  •  Plays 2-3 minutes with a single toy 

  • Imitates gestures 

  •  Uses tongue to move food around mouth 

  • Opens mouth to be fed 

  • Sleeps 10-12 hours with only 1 awakening 

  • Tolerates a range of different textured foods 

  •  Drinks from a cup 

2 TO 3 YEARS

  • Uses toilet with assistance and has daytime control 

  •  Sits to look at books independently 

  • Pays attention for 3 minutes 

  •  Begins to be able to take turns 

  •  Explores surroundings 

  • Points to 5-6 parts of a doll when asked 

  •  Matches circles and squares 

Visit

122 Queen' s Plate Drive

Etobicoke, Toronto.

Call

T: 647.262.7774